All About Essential Oils

blue-bottleEssential oils are concentrated fragrances that are extracted from plants, usually through distillation. Common uses of essential oils include aromatherapy, perfumes, cleaning products, air fresheners, medicinal purposes, cosmetics, soaps, etc. Most essential oils are so strong that they should not be applied directly to the skin; they should be mixed with a “carrier oil”, such as coconut oil, olive oil, jojoba oil, etc.

Most essential oils are divided into categories, such as citrus, woody, spicy and floral. They are also rated by the “note” of their scent, which is useful to keep in mind when mixing them.

Top notes are the first impression notes that usually overpower the others at first sniff, but their scent lasts a very short time. Middle notes are the second-most noticed, and will linger longer than the top notes. Base notes are the last to be noticed, but the longest to linger in support of the other two notes.

When blending essential oils, a good starting point would be 3:2:1 (top:middle:bottom) meaning for every 3 drops of your top note, use 2 of your middle and one of your base.

List of Essential Oils

Type Note Category Properties
Agarwood Oil
Ajwain Oil
Allspice Oil anesthetic, analgesic, antioxidant, antiseptic, carminative, relaxant, rubefacient, stimulant, tonic
Amber Oil
Amyris Oil
Angelica Root Oil Base Note anti-spasmodic, carminative, depurative, diaphoretic, digestive, diuretic, emenagogue, expectorant, febrifuge, hepatic, nervine, stimulant, stomachic, tonic
Anise Oil (Aniseed) Top Note (Top to Middle) anti-epileptic, anti-hysteric, anti-rheumatic, anti-spasmodic, antiseptic, carminative, cordial, decongestant, digestive, expectorant, insecticide, sedative, stimulant, vermifuge
Atlas Cedar antiseptic, anxiety, catarrh, diuretic, expectorant, fungicidal, good for respiratory issues, grounding, hair loss, sedative insecticide, tonic
Balsam Oil Base Note
Basil Oil Top Note Herbaceous antiseptic, adrenal stimulant, analgesic, anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antidepressant, antispasmodic, antiviral, calming, carminative, improves mental fatigue, may stimulate hair growth, ophthalmic
Bay Middle Note (Top Note) antibacterial, analgesic, anti-neuralgic, anti-spasmodic, antibiotic, antiseptic, aperitif, astringent, cholagogue, clarifying, emenagogue, febrifuge, insecticide, sedative, stomachic, sudorific, tonic, warming
Beeswax Base Note
Benzoin (Siam Benzoin Resinoid) Base Note anti-inflammatory, anti-depressant, anti-rheumatic, antiseptic, astringent, carminative, cordial, deodorant, disinfectant, diuretic, euphoric, expectorant, relaxant, sedative, vulnerary, warming
Bergamot Oil Top Note (Top to Middle) Citrus antibiotic
Birch Oil analgesic, anti-arthritic, anti-depressant, anti-inflammatory, anti-rheumatic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, astringent, depurative , detoxifying, disinfectant, diuretic, febrifuge, germicide, insecticide, stimulant, tonic
Bitter Almond Oil anesthetic, anti-intoxicating, anti-spasmodic, aperient, bactericidal, cure for hydrophobia , diuretic, febrifuge, fungicidal, germicidal, sedative, vermifuge
Bitter Orange Oil Citrus
Black Pepper Oil Middle Note analgesic, anti-arthritic, anti-inflammatory, anti-rheumatic, anti-spasmodic, antibacterial, anticatarrhal, antioxidant, aperient, carminative, diaphoretic, digestive, expectorant, good for blood circulation
Black Sage Oil
Bois-de-rose Middle Note
Boldo Oil
Boronia Absolute
Buchu Oil antiseptic, anti-arthritic, anti-rheumatic, carminative, digestive, diuretic, insecticide, tonic
Cajuput Oil Middle Note Medicinal/Camphorous analgesic, antiseptic, anti-spasmodic, anti-neuralgic, bactericide, carminative, cosmetic, decongestant, emenagogue , expectorant, febrifuge, insecticide, stimulant, sudorific, tonic, vermifuge
Calamus Oil anti-rheumatic, anti-spasmodic, cephalic, circulatory, memory boosting, nervine, stimulant, tranquilizing
Calamus Root Oil
Calophyllum (Fatty Oil)
Camphor Oil anesthetic, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, anti-neuralgic, anti-spasmodic, antiseptic, decongestant, disinfectant, insecticide, sedative, stimulant
Cannabis Flower Oil
Caraway Oil Top Note anti-histaminic, anti-spasmodic, antiseptic, aperitif, astringent, cardiac, carminative, digestive, disinfectant, diuretic, emenagogue, expectorant, galactogogue, insecticide, stimulant, stomachic, tonic, vermifuge
Cardamom Seed Oil Top Note anti-spasmodic, antibacterial, antimicrobial, antiseptic, aphrodisiac, astringent, digestive, diuretic , reduces nausea, stimulant, stomachic
Carrot Seed Oil Middle Note antioxidant, antiseptic, carminative, cytophylactic, depurative, detoxifier, disinfectant, diuretic, emenagogue, stimulant, tonic
Cassia Oil anti-arthritic, anti-diarrhea, anti-emetic, anti-galactogogue, anti-rheumatic, anti-viral, antidepressant, antimicrobial, astringent, carminative, circulatory, emenagogue, febrifuge, stimulant
Cedar Leaf Oil
Cedar Oil
Cedarwood Oil Base Note Woody anti-seborrhoeic, anti-spasmodic, antiseptic, astringent, diuretic, emenagogue, expectorant, fungicide, insecticide, sedative, tonic
Celery Oil
Chamomile Oil Middle Note Floral analgesic, antidepressant, anti-infectious, anti-neuralgic, anti-spasmodic, anti-inflammatory, anti-phlogistic, anti-spasmodic, antibacterial, antibiotic, antiseptic, bactericidal, carminative, cholagogue, cicatrisant, digestive, emenagogue, febrifuge, hepatic, nervine, sedative, stomachic, sudorific, tonic, vermifuge, vulnerary
Chamomile Oil, Green Middle Note
Cinnamon Oil Base Note Spicy anti-clotting, anti-fungal, antibacterial, antimicrobial, antispasmodic, antiviral, aromatic, astringent, astringent, carminative, carminative, cooling, diaphoretic, expectorant, stimulant, stimulating
Citronella Oil Top Note & Middle Note anti-depressant, anti-inflammatory, anti-spasmodic, antibacterial, antiseptic, deodorant, diaphoretic, diuretic, febrifuge, fungicidal, insect repellent, stimulant, stomachic, tonic, vermifuge
Citrus Oil
Clary Sage Oil Top to Middle Note Earthy, Floral anti-convulsive, antidepressant, antiseptic, antispasmodic, aphrodisiac, astringent, bactericidal, carminative, deodorant, digestive, emenagogue, euphoric, helps balance hormones, hypotensive, nervine, sedative, sedative, stomachic, tonic, uterine
Clove Oil Base Note Spicy analgesic, anti-fungal, anti-inflammatory, anti-rheumatic, antibiotic, antimicrobial, antiseptic, antiviral, aphrodisiac, stimulating
Coffee Oil
Copla Resin
Coriander Oil Middle Note (Top Note) analgesic, anti-spasmodic, aphrodisiac, carminative, deodorant, depurative, digestive, fungicidal, lipolytic, stimulant, stomachic
Costmary Oil
Costus Root Cranberry Seed Oil
Cumin Oil anti-spasmodic, antiseptic, anti-spasmodic, bactericidal, carminative, detoxifier, digestive, digestive, diuretic, emenagogue, galactogogue, nervine, stimulant, tonic
Curry Leaf Oil
Cypress Oil Middle to Base Note Woody anti-infectious, anti-rheumatic, anti-spasmodic, antibacterial, antiseptic, astringent, deodorant, diuretic, haemostatic, hepatic, respiratory tonic, restorative, sedative, styptic, sudorific, vasoconstrictor
Davana Oil anti-depression, antiseptic, antiviral, disinfectant, emenagogue, expectorant, relaxant, vulnerary
Dill Oil Middle Note (Top Note)
Elemi Oil Middle Note analgesic, antiseptic, expectorant, stimulant, tonic
Eucalyptus Oil Top Note Medicinal/Camphorous analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anti-spasmodic, antibacterial, antibiotic, anti-fungal, antiseptic, antiviral, decongestant, deodorant, diuretic, expectorant, increases circulation, stimulating
Eucalyptus Staigeriana Oil
Everlasting Oil
Fennel Seed Oil Top to Middle Note anti-inflammatory, anti-nausea, anti-spasmodic, antiseptic, aperitif, carminative, depurative, digestive, diuretic, emenagogue, expectorant, galactogogue, good for bruises, laxative, splenic, stimulant, stomachic, tonic, vermifuge
Fenugreek Oil
Fir Needle Oil Middle Note
Frankincense Oil Middle to Base Note Earthy, Spicy anti-inflammatory, antidepressant, antiseptic, astringent, calming, carminative, cicatrisant, cytophylactic, digestive, disinfectant, diuretic, elevating to mind, emenagogue, expectorant, immune stimulant, sedative, slows and deepens breathing, tonic, uterine, vulnerary
Galbanum Oil Top Note anti-arthritic, anti-parasitic, anti-rheumatic, anti-spasmodic, cicatrisant, circulatory, decongestant, detoxifier, emollient, insecticide, vulnerary
Geranium Oil Middle Note Floral analgesic, antibacterial, antidepressant, anti-fungal, antiseptic, astringent, balances emotions, cicatrisant, cytophylactic, deodorant, diuretic, haemostatic, styptic, tonic, uplifting, vermifuge, vulnerary
German Chamomile Oil Middle Note analgesic, anti-allergenic, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antispasmodic, digestive, fungicidal, nerve sedative
Ginger Oil Base Note Spicy, Oriental analgesic, anti-emetic, anti-spasmodic, antibacterial, antiseptic, bactericidal, carminative, cephalic, emenagogue, expectorant, febrifuge, laxative, rubefacient, stimulant, stomachic, sudorific, tonic
Grapefruit Oil Top Note antidepressant, antiseptic, aperitif, astringent, disinfectant, diuretic, lymphatic, stimulant, tonic
Green Myrtle Oil
Greenland Moss Oil
Helichrysum Oil Base Note anti-allergenic, anti-coagulant, anti-haematoma, anti-inflammatory, anti-phlogistic, anti-tussive, anticoagulant, antispasmodic, antimicrobial, antiseptic, antiviral, cholagogue, cicatrisant, cytophylactic , diuretic, emollient, expectorant, febrifuge, fungicidal, helps with addiction issues, hepatic, mucolytic, nervine
Henna Oil
Hyssop Oil Middle Note anti-rheumatic, anti-spasmodic, antibacterial, anti-fungal, antiseptic, astringent, carminative, cicatrisant, digestive, diuretic, emenagogue, expectorant, febrifuge, hypertensive, nervine, stimulant, sudorific, tonic, vermifuge, vulnerary
Jasmine Oil Middle to Base Note Floral anti-depressant, anti-spasmodic, antiseptic, aphrodisiac, cicatrisant, emenagogue, expectorant, galactogogue, sedative, uterine
Juniper Berry Oil Middle Note anti-rheumatic, anti-spasmodic, anti-toxic, anti-arthritic, antibacterial, anti-fungal, antiseptic, astringent, carminative, circulatory stimulant, depurative, diuretic, rubefacient, stimulating, stomachic, sudorific, tonic, vulnerary
Juniper Oil Middle Note Woody
Khella Oil
Laurel Oil
Lavandin Oil Top Note analgesic, antidepressant, antiseptic, cicatrisant, expectorant, nervine, vulnerary
Lavender Oil Middle Note Floral analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anti-rheumatic, antibacterial, antibiotic, anti-convulsive, antidepressant, anti-fungal, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antiviral, calming, decongestant, deodorant, disinfectant, restorative, sedative, sleep inducing
Lemon Myrtle Oil
Lemon Oil Top Note Citrus antibacterial, antibiotic, anti-fungal, antiseptic, antiviral, aperitif, astringent, bactericidal, disinfectant, febrifuge, haemostatic, restorative, tonic
Lemon Verbena Oil antibacterial
Lemongrass Oil Top Note (Middle Note?) analgesic, anti-pyretic, antibacterial, antidepressant, antimicrobial, antiseptic, astringent, bactericidal, carminative, deodorant, diuretic, febrifuge, fungicidal, galactogogue, insecticidal, nervine, sedative, tonic
Lime Oil Top Note Citrus antibacterial, antibiotic, antiseptic, antiviral, aperitif, astringent, bactericidal, disinfectant, febrifuge, haemostatic, restorative, tonic
Linden Blossom Oil Middle Note
Litsea Cubeba Oil antiseptic, disinfectant, insecticidal, sedative, stomachic
Lotus Oil
Mandarin Oil Top Note Citrus
Mandarin Petitgrain Oil Top to Middle Note Citrus anti-spasmodic, antiseptic, circulatory, cytophylactic, depurative, digestive, hepatic, nervous relaxant, sedative, stomachic, tonic
Marjoram Oil Middle Note Herbaceous, Spicy analgesic, antibacterial, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antiviral, aphrodisiac, bactericidal, carminative, cephalic, cordial, diaphoretic, digestive, diuretic, emenagogue, expectorant, fungicidal, helps mental exhaustion, hypotensive, laxative, nervine, sedative, stomachic, vasodilator, vulnerary
Mastic Oil
May Chang Oil
Melissa Oil Middle Note anti-spasmodic, antibacterial, antidepressant, anti-histaminic, antispasmodic, bactericidal, carminative, cordial, diaphoretic, emenagogue, febrifuge, hypotensive, insect repellent, nervine, sedative, stomachic, sudorific, tonic
Mentha Arvensis Oil
Mint Oil Top Note
Mugwort Oil cordial, digestive, diuretic, emenagogue, nervine, stimulant, uterine, vermifuge
Mustard Oil anti-rheumatic, antibacterial, anti-fungal, appetizer, cordial, diaphoretic, hair vitalizer, insect repellent, irritant, stimulant, tonic
Myrrh Oil Base Note Spicy, Earthy, Woody anticatarrhal, anti-inflammatory, anti-spasmodic , anti-fungal, antimicrobial, antiseptic, astringent, carminative, circulatory, diaphoretic, expectorant, good for respiratory, heals mouth sores, immune booster, immune stimulant, revitalizing, sedative, stimulant, stomachic, tonic, vulnerary
Myrtle Oil Middle Note Floral antibiotic, anti-fungal, antiseptic, astringent, deodorant, expectorant, sedative
Neroli Oil Middle to Base Note Floral, Citrus anti-depressant, anti-spasmodic, antiseptic, aphrodisiac, bactericidal, carminative, cicatrisant, cordial, cytophylactic, deodorant, digestive, disinfectant, emollient, sedative, tonic
Niaouli Top Note analgesic, anti-rheumatic, antiseptic, bactericidal, balsamic, cicatrisant, decongestant, expectorant, febrifuge, insecticide, stimulant, vermifuge, vulnerary
Nutmeg Oil Middle Note Spicy analgesic, anti-emetic, anti-parasitic, anti-rheumatic, anti-spasmodic, antibiotic, antioxidant, antiseptic, aphrodisiac, cardiac, laxative, prostaglandin inhibitor, stimulant, tonic, vermifuge
Oakmoss Oil Base Note Earthy antiseptic, demulcent, expectorant, restorative
Olibanum Oil Base Note
Orange Leaf Oil
Orange Oil (Sweet) Top Note Citrus anti-inflammatory, anti-spasmodic, antibacterial, antidepressant, antiseptic, aphrodisiac, carminative, cholagogue, diuretic, sedative, tonic
Oregano Oil analgesic, anti-allergenic, anti-inflammatory, anti-parasitic, antibacterial, antibiotic, anti-fungal, antioxidant, antiseptic, anti-spasmodic, anti-toxic, antiviral, bactericidal, digestive, emenagogue, fungicidal, stimulant, tonic
Orris Oil
Palmarosea (Palmarosa) Oil Middle Note (Top Note) Floral antiseptic, antiviral, bactericide, cytophylactic, digestive, febrifuge, hydrating
Palo Santo Middle Note
Parsley Oil Middle Note anti-arthritic, anti-rheumatic, antimicrobial, antiseptic, astringent, carminative, circulatory, depurative, detoxifier, digestive, diuretic, emenagogue, febrifuge, hypotensive, laxative, stimulant, stomachic, uterine
Patchouli Oil Base Note Earthy, Spicy, Oriental anti-inflammatory, anti-phlogistic, antibiotic, antidepressant, anti-fungal, antimicrobial, antiseptic, aphrodisiac, astringent, bactericidal, cicatrisant, cytophylactic, deodorant, diuretic, febrifuge, fungicide, good for skin, insecticide, nervine, nervous exhaustion, sedative, stress, tonic
Pennyroyal Oil anti-arthritic, anti-hysteric, anti-rheumatic, antibacterial, antimicrobial, antiseptic, astringent, cordial, decongestant, depurative, digestive, emenagogue, insecticide, stomachic
Peppermint Oil Top Note (Middle Note) Minty analgesic, anesthetic, anti-galactogogue, anti-phlogistic, anti-spasmodic, anti-infectious, anti-inflammatory, anti-fungal, antiseptic, astringent, carminative, cephalic, cholagogue, cordial, decongestant, digestive, emenagogue, expectorant, febrifuge, hepatic, invigorating, nervine, stimulant, stomachic, sudorific, vasoconstrictor, vermifuge
Perilla Essential Oil
Petitgrain Oil Top to Middle Note Woody, Floral anti-depressant, anti-spasmodic, antiseptic, deodorant, nervine, sedative
Pimento Oil
Pine Geranium Oil
Pine Oil Middle Note Woody analgesic, antibacterial, antibiotic, antiseptic, aromatic, diuretic, energizing
Ravensare Oil analgesic, anti-allergenic, anti-spasmodic, antibacterial, antidepressant, anti-fungal, antimicrobial, antiseptic, antiviral, aphrodisiac, disinfectant, diuretic, expectorant, relaxant, tonic
Red Cedar Oil
Roman Chamomile Oil Middle Note analgesic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, digestive, nerve sedative, respiratory distress
Rose Geranium Oil Middle Note
Rose Oil Middle to Base Note Floral anti-phlogistic, anti-spasmodic, antidepressant, antiseptic, antiviral, aphrodisiac, astringent, bactericidal, cholagogue, cicatrisant, depurative, emenagogue, haemostatic, hepatic, laxative, nervine, stomachic, uterine
Rose Otto Oil
Rosehip Oil
Rosemary Oil Middle Note Herbaceous analgesic, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anti-rheumatic, antibacterial, antiseptic, antispasmodic, astringent, carminative, decongestant, disinfectant, diuretic, may stimulate hair growth, restorative, stimulant, tonic
Rosewood Oil Middle Note (Base to Middle) Woody analgesic, anti-infectious, antibacterial, antidepressant, anti-fungal, anti-parasitic, antiseptic, aphrodisiac, cephalic, deodorant, insecticide, stimulant, tones skin
Rue Oil
Sage Oil anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, anti-fungal, antimicrobial, antioxidant, antiseptic, antispasmodic, cholagogue and choleretic, cicatrisant, depurative, digestive, disinfectant, emenagogue, expectorant, febrifuge, laxative, stimulant
Sandalwood Oil Base Note Woody anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, anti-fungal, anti-phlogistic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antiviral, aphrodisiac, astringent, carminative, cicatrisant, decongestant, disinfectant, diuretic, emollient, expectorant, hypotensive, insecticide, memory booster, sedative, tonic
Sassafras Oil
Savory Oil antibacterial, anti-fungal, antiseptic, antispasmodic, carminative, cephalic, emenagogue, expectorant, insecticide, nervine, restorative, stimulant, tonic
Schisandra Oil
Scotch Pine Oil
Spearmint Oil Top Note Minty
Spike lavender Oil
Spikenard Oil Base Note Earthy anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, anti-fungal, deodorant, laxative, sedative, uterine
Spruce Oil Middle Note anti-inflammatory, anti-infectious, antimicrobial, antispasmodic, expectorant, grounding, immune system stimulant, mentally invigorating
Star Anise Oil
Tagetes Top Note anti-spasmodic, antibiotic, antimicrobial, anti-parasitic, antiseptic, disinfectant, insecticide, sedative
Tangerine Oil Top Note Citrus
Tansy Oil anti-histaminic, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, anti-fungal, antiviral, febrifuge, hormone stimulant, insecticide, sedative, vermifuge
Tarragon Oil anti-inflammatory, anti-rheumatic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, aperitif, circulatory, deodorant, digestive, emenagogue, stimulant, vermifuge
Tea Tree Oil Middle Note (Top to Middle) Medicinal/Camphorous anti-infectious, antibacterial, antibiotic, anti-fungal, antimicrobial, anti-parasitic, antiseptic, antiviral, balsamic, cicatrisant, decongestant, expectorant, fungicide, insecticide, stimulant, sudorific
Thuja Oil anti-rheumatic, astringent, diuretic, emenagogue, expectorant, insect repellent, rubefacient, stimulant, tonic, vermifuge
Thyme Oil Middle Note (Top to Middle) anti-rheumatic, anti-spasmodic, antibacterial, anti-fungal, antimicrobial, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antiviral, bactericidal, be-chic, cardiac, carminative, cicatrisant, diuretic, emenagogue, expectorant, hypertensive, insecticide, stimulant, tonic, vermifuge
Tsuga Oil
Tuberose Absolute aphrodisiac, deodorant, relaxing, sedative, warming
Turmeric Oil
Valerian Oil
Vanilla anti-carcinogenic, antidepressant, antioxidant, aphrodisiac, febrifuge, relaxing , sedative, tranquilizing
Vetiver Oil Base Note Woody, Earthy anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, aphrodisiac, cicatrisant, nervine, sedative, tonic, vulnerary
Wintergreen Oil analgesic, anodyne, anti-arthritic, anti-rheumatic, anti-spasmodic, antibacterial, antiseptic, aromatic, astringent, carminative, diuretic, emenagogue, stimulant
Wormseed Oil
Wormwood Oil anti-helmitic, cholagogue, deodorant, digestive, emenagogue, febrifuge, insecticide, narcotic, tonic, vermifuge
Yarrow Oil Middle Note anti-inflammatory, anti-rheumatic, anti-spasmodic, antiseptic, astringent, carminative, cicatrisant, diaphoretic, digestive, expectorant, haemostatic, hypotensive, stomachic, tonic
Ylang Ylang Oil Middle to Base Note Flora anti-infectious, anti-seborrhoeic, antidepressant, antiseptic, aphrodisiac, euphoric, hormone regulator, hypotensive, nervine, sedative, sedative, tonic
Zedoary Oil

List of Property Descriptions

Property Description
Alterative Cleanses the Blood and Corrects Impure Blood Conditions
Analgesic Relieves Pain (Creates Loss of Sensation)
Anaphrodisiac Diminishes Sexual Desire
Antacid Neutralize Excess Stomach/Intestinal Acids
Anthelmintic Destroys or Expels Intestinal Worms
Anti-sudorific Reduces Sweating
Anti-allergenic Reduces Symptoms of Allergies
Anti-arthritic Combats Arthritis
Anti-emetic Reduces the Incidence and Severity of Vomiting
Anti-inflammatory Alleviates Inflammation
Anti-pruritic Relieves or Prevents Itching
Anti-rheumatic Relieves Rheumatism
Antiabortive Inhibits Abortive Tendencies
Antiasthmatic Relieves the Symptoms of Asthma
Antibiotic Inhibit the Growth of Bacteria, Viruses, Etc.
Anticatarrhal Eliminates Mucus or Prevents It From Forming
Anticonvulsive Helps Arrest or Control Convulsions
Antidepressant Uplifts, Counteracts Melancholy
Antimicrobial Resists and Destroys Pathogenic Organisms
Antiphlogistic Reduces Inflammation
Antipyretic Cools, Reduces Fevers and Body Temperature
Antiseptic Helps Control Infection
Antispasmodic Prevents and Eases/Relieves Spasms and Cramps
Aphrodisiac Arouses Sexual Desire
Astringent Contracts/Tightens/Binds Tissues
Bactericide Destroys Bacteria
Balsamic Soothing, Balsaming
Cardiac Stimulates the Heart
Carminative Settles the Digestive System, Expels Gas From the Intestines
Cephalic Stimulates and Settles the Mind
Cholagogue Increases the Secretion and Flow of Bile Into the Duodenum
Choleretic Aids Excretion of Bile by the Liver
Cicatrisant Helps the Formation of Scar Tissue
Cordial A Stimulant and Tonic for the Heart
Cytophylactic Encourages Growth of Skin Cells
Decongestant Relieves and Reduces Mucus Congestion
Demulcent Soothes, Softens and Allays Irritation of Mucous Membranes
Deodorant Destroys Odor
Depurative Detoxifies and Purifies the Blood
Diaphoretic Promotes Perspiration
Digestive Aids Digestion
Disinfectant Prevents or Combats the Spread of Germs
Diuretic Increases the Flow of Urine
Emetic Induces Vomiting
Emmenagogue Promotes and Regulates Menstrual Flow
Emollient Soothes and Softens Skin
Expectorant Helps to Expel Mucus From the Respiratory System
Febrifuge Cools, Reduces High Body Temperature
Fungicide Destroys Fungus and Fungal Infections
Galactagogue Increases Secretion of Milk
Germicidal Destroys Germs and Micro-Organisms
Hemostatic Stops Bleeding Hemorrhage
Hepatic Stimulates the Function of the Liver and Gall Bladder
Hypertensive Increases Blood Pressure
Hypoglycaemiant Lowers Blood Sugar
Hypotensive Lowers Blood Pressure
Insecticide Kills Insects
Laxative Aids Bowel Evacuation
Lithotriptic Helps to Dissolve and Eliminate Urinary and Biliary Stones
Mucolytic Breaks Down Mucus
Nervine Strengthens the Nervous System
Parasiticide Destroy Parasites in the Digestive Tract or on the Skin
Parturient Helps During Delivery/Childbirth
Prophylactic Helping Prevent Disease
Relaxant Sooths, Relaxes, Relieves Strain and Tension
Rubefacient Warms. Stimulates Blood Flow
Sedative Calms, Reduces Functional Activity
Sialagogue Stimulates the Flow of Saliva, Aids in Digestion of Starches
Soporific Induces Sleep
Spasmolytic See Antispasmodic
Splenetic A tonic for the Spleen
Stimulant Increases the Physiological Body Activity
Stomachic Digestive Aid and Tonic
Styptic Arrests External Bleeding
Sudorific Increases Perspiration
Tonic Strengthens and Improves Bodily Performance
Uterine Tonic to the Uterus
Vasoconstrictor Contracts Blood Vessel Walls
Vasodilator Dilates Blood Vessels
Vermifuge Expels Worms
Vulnerary Prevents Tissue Fegeneration and Arrests Wound Bleeding